The little, slow-moving chameleon is famous for changing colors.  Its color can change to yellow, green, brown, red or even black.

The chameleon’s ability to change its colors is not cuased by the color of its surroundings.

The chameleon has special cells under its skin which contain the coloring matter.

When it becomes frightened or angry, its reaction causes these coloring cells to become bigger or smaller, allowing the brighter or darker colors to show, and we see a color change.

Sometimes this quick change of color saves the chameleon’s life.  Snakes and birds like to eat chameleons, but they cant always see them.  Sunlight will also cause the chameleon to change color.

If it gets too warm or too cold it may change to a color that doesn’t hide it at all!  The usual color of the chameleon while it is resting is green or brown.

Some other lizards change colors, too, and many fishes can change their colors much more quickly than any lizard can change color. – Dick Rogers