No, despite its name and its barking call, the prairie dog is actually a member of the ground squirrel family. The prairie dog lives in underground burrows in the western United States. These burrows have so many tunnels that people refer to them as towns.
Hundreds of prairie dog families may live in these towns. A mound of dirt surrounds the entrance to each burrow. A prairie dog usually stands guard at the entrance to its burrow. If it spots danger, the prairie dog barks loudly, and they all scramble to their homes for safety.–Dick Rogers