Posts tagged ‘Camel’

Why does a camel have a hump?

Camel

The camel’s best known feature is the hump on its back.  The camel’s hump is mostly fat that provides nourishment when food is hard to find.  When a camel goes a long time without food, its hump shrinks.  After it has eaten and rested, its hump becomes plump and firm again.

People once believed that a camel stores water in its hump.  Now we know that a camel simply conserves its body moisture, rather storing an extra water supply.  It can travel for days without food or water because of its fatty hump and its efficient water conservation. – Dick Rogers

Why do camels have humps?

Camel

People used to think that the camel’s hump was a storage place for water. But the hump on its back is mostly fat.  Camel’s live in the desert, and they often have to go a long time without food. When food is scarce on long desert treks, the fat in the hump provides energy for the animal.

When the camel has not eaten for a few days, its hump gets smaller.  After the camel has had a few days’ rest and some foods, its hump becomes firm and plump again.  The camel must drink water.  But once it drinks, it can go for days without drinking again. – Dick Rogers

How do camels go so long without water?

The amount of time that camels can go without water depends on several factors, such as the temperature and the food it eats.  The camel traveling across the hot desert can go a week or more without a drink.

The camel needs little drinking water because it conserves what water it gets by holding down perspiration and by drawing moisture from its own body tissue.  Camels are famous for their ability to go long periods without drinking water.

Camel

People once thought that the camel stored water in its hump.  The hump contains fat, not water.  A camel lives on this fat when food is scarce in the desert.

Though camels are supposed to be watered everywhere or tour days in the summer, they have been known to hold on much longer, but in cooler weather, it can go without water for several months.

The camel’s secret is that it conserves water, rather than stores it.  A camel needs little water because it gets moisture from its food.  In addition, a camel does not sweat much as other mammals.

When a camel does drink, it can gulp about 25 gallons (95 liters) of water.  Camel can endure without water because their bodies lose water very slowly.

In emergencies, it can take what water it needs directly from its own body tissues, losing as much as a quarter of its body weight.  By making the best of what water it gets, and by strong fat in its hump a camel can travel hundreds of miles across not dry desert with little food and water. – Dick Rogers

Why are llamas called the camels of South America?

Llamas

We are likely to imagine that llamas got their nickname “Camel of South America” by being South America’s bearers of burdens, just as camels are the “ships of the desert.”

But, strangely enough, llamas really ARE the “camel” of South America.  The odd-looking llamas (LAH-muh) is a member of the camel family.

Scientists believe camels lived in North America many ages ago.  Some wondered down the bridge to South America, while other went off into Asia.  Then  for some unknown reason the ones left in North America disappeared.

Unlike their camel cousins of today, the llama has no hump and a fully grown llamas is only about four feet high at the shoulders.  But if you look closely enough, you can see that the llamas resembles a camel in may other ways.

Like camels, llamas can be very stubborn and ill-tempered.  If a llamas feels its pack is too heavy, or if it thinks it has worked enough, it will lie down and refuse to get until the load is lightened or until it has rested.

If mistreated or annoyed, a llama is likely to spit it bad-smelling saliva in its tormentor’s face.  – Dick Rogers