No. the true buffalo belongs to Africa and Asia. It has neither the bison’s hump over its shoulders nor the bison’s long hair.
People often call the American bison “buffaloes,” but bison are not true buffaloes. American bison are more closely related to the wisent or European bison.
True buffaloes are animals such as the water buffalo, common to Asia as a valuable work animal or the fieres African cape buffalo, seldom if ever tamed. They do not have the big humped shoulders and shaggy hair of the bison.
Bisons are large, ox-like animals. A big male bison may be six-feet tall at the shoulder and weight more than a ton, Long, coarse hair covers the bison’s head and shoulders.
At one time, enormous herd of bison roamed the western prairies of North America. The Indians of the plains depended upon them for food and clothing. But as the West was settled, nearly all the bison were killed.
Today, only a few thousands bison remain, mostly in protected places where they can live in safety. – Dick Rogers