Posts tagged ‘Plants’

How do a clam eat?

A clam gets its food from the water.  Food enters by way of the clam’s siphon or “neck.”

A clam is an animal whose soft body is protected by two hard shells that close over it like the covers of a book.  There are many kinds of clams, in many parts of the world.  Some clams lives on the bottoms of oceans, others live on the muddy bottoms of lakes and streams.

Clams called soft-shell clams live buried in the sand along seashores.  They are sometimes called “longneck” clams since they have a long siphon which people call a “neck.”

Clam

When the tide covers the sand the soft-shell clam opens up its shell and pushes its long siphon up through the sand to the water above.  It sucks water into its body and digests the tiny plants and other food particles it finds in the water.

When the tidies out, the clam pulls in its siphon.  This causes a little spurt of water which shows someone who is hunting clams where the clam is hidden.

The American Indians taught the Pilgrims how to dig clams along the beach.  Today a favorite picnic in many towns along the seashore is the clambake. – Dick Rogers

Did you know that a tadpole becomes a frog?

The common pond frog’s life begins in a quiet pond as one of many jelly-like eggs laid together in a mass by the mother frog.

In a few days, the egg hatched into a tiny, legless tadpole that breathes with gills, as fish do.  it has a long tail which it uses for swimming, and eat plants that grow in the water.

Tadpole-to-frog

As the tadpole grows, first two hind legs and then two front legs appears.  After a time the tail begins to shrink and the tadpole loses its gills and gets lungs instead.

Then the tadpole comes to the surfaces of the water to breath air.

At last its tail disappears and the change is complete.

As a young frog, the creature is now ready to leave the water and begin a life as a hoping land animal.

Most tadpole make the change into frogs in the three months of spring.  Most toads begin life a tadpole, much like frogs do. – Dick Rogers

 

How does the earthworm dig its hole?

Earthworm

Earthworms are worms that live in warm and moist places throughout the world.

As anyone can guess from their name, earthworms live in the ground.  The earthworm digs its burrow by actually eating its way through the soil.

As the worm digs, it swallows the dirt and digests the decaying plant and food matter in the dirt.

The soil passes through the earthworm’s long body and is left on the ground in little heaps of dirt balls, called castings.  Thus the earthworm makes a home for itself and gets its meals at the same time.

Earthworms are good friends to farmers and gardeners.  By digging burrows, earthworms leave tiny holes in the ground which make it easy for air and water to get to plant roots.

The castings of the worms help keep the soil rich for growing plants.

The earthworm is sometimes called an angleworm or fishworm, because it is a popular bait used by fishermen. – Dick Rogers

How does a slug move?

Slug

A slug is a cautious creature something like a snail, but without a shell.  Slugs are famous for the “sluggish” pace  at which they travel.  You’ve probably seen a slug creeping along on a part of its body that seems to be its stomach.

Actually the bottom part of the slug’s body is really its “foot”.  The muscles in the slug’s foot move in a wavelike motion that causes the slug to glide slowly along.  It leaves a glistening train of slim behind it as it crawls.

This serves as a slippery path to help the slug slide along more easily.  The goo also protects the slug’s body as it crawls over sharp rocks and twigs.

Slugs live in moist places.  They are often found under logs and stones.  Slugs are often garden pests because they eat plants.  To help them eat, the tongue of a slug has hundreds of tiny “teeth”  with which if files away bits of food. – Dick Rogers

 

 

 

How are oysters born?

Oyster

Oyster are hatched from eggs.  An oyster spends all except the first few weeks of its life fastened to a rock or other hard object in the water.  Along the world’s seashores there are many kinds of sea animals with shells to rocks and other hard objects in shallow water near the shore.

A baby oyster is hatched from an egg laid by the mother oyster.  When first hatched, the baby oyster is about the size of a pinpoint and has no shell.  Its shell begins to form when it is a day old.  The baby oyster spends the first two weeks of its life swimming about freely.

Then it fastened itself so something hard, perhaps a rock or the piling of a wharf, or even to the shell of another oyster.  It remains fastened to the same spot for the rest of its life, feeding on tiny plants and animals carried to it by the current.

The oyster grows about an inch a mouth until fully grown.  Oysters are one of the most popular foods that we take from the sea. – Dick Rogers