Posts tagged ‘Wool’

Why do moths eat clothes?


Some moths eat clothes because that is their food.  Actually, it is not the adult moth that does the damage.  The eaters are the caterpillar stage of the moth.  They especially like wool and fur.  The female moth lays her soft, white eggs on clothing and carpets.

When the eggs hatch, the hungry little caterpillars begin to eat whatever material they rest on.  The caterpillar has strong biting jaws that can chew cloth and fur.  When the insect changes into a winged adult, its mouth changes, too, and it no longer has any desire to feed on clothes.–Dick Rogers

What are bighorn sheep?

The Bighorn is the wild sheep of North America.  They live in the highest parts of the rocky mountains, where other animals find it difficult to go.  They are sometimes called Rocky Mountains sheep.

These sure-footed creatures are able to make death-defying leaps from rock to rock in the dizzy heights of the highest parts of their rugged mountain homes.  The Bighorn gets its name from the great circling horns of the male sheep.

Their cloven hooves are much like rubber pads, and they can dash down the treacherous slopes at top speed and climb seemingly sheer cliffs, where no other animals but the mountain goats dare to climb.

Bighorn Sheep

Lambs two or three weeks old can go wherever their mothers go.  Wild sheep do not look much like any of the sheep we raise today.

Domestic sheep have short legs and a coat of thick wool.  Their horns, if any, are usually short.

Wild sheep have long legs and long horns.  They do not have wooly coats.  They have coats of hair more like that of a deer.

Man has brought about great changes in sheep since he first tamed them. – Dick Rogers

Where does wool come from?


Nearly all the wool we buy comes from the fleecy coats of sheep.  The sheep are usually shorn of their fleece each spring.

Nearly all the wool we buy comes from the warm, woolly hair that covers the bodies of sheep.

The coat of wool from a full-grown sheep is called a fleece.

Once a year, usually in the spring, the sheep are given a haircut and all the fleece is sheared off.  The fleece is packed in bates and then sent to market.

When the fleece arrives at the woolen mill, it is sorted according to fineness and length and thoroughly washed to remove all the dirt and crease.

After it has been dried, the clean wool goes to a carding room.  Here, large, revolving cylinders with wire teeth straighten the soft, fluffy wool and comb it into a filmy sheet.

Next, the carded wool is drawn into soft, loose “ropes”  called rovings.  The wool rovings then go to the spinning room where machines twist them into yarn.

The woolen yarn is now ready to be woven into cloth. – Dick Rogers


What are musk oxen?

Musk Oxen

Musk oxen are shaggy-haired mammals which resemble a small buffalo.  They line in the arctic barrens of north America.

The musk ox, is an odd-looking animal that resembles a small, shaggy-haired buffalo.  A fully grown musk ox may be little over four feet high at the shoulders and weight 700 pounds.

The musk ox is not really an ox.  It is a relatives of goats and antelopes.

The first part of the animal’s name is also inaccurate – it has no musky odor, as was once believed.  In the wild, must oxen are found on the treeless tundra and snowfields of Canada and Greenland.

They travel in small herds.  When threatened by wolves that, prey upon them, the herd forms a protective circle around the young.  No wise wolf would attack such a fortress of tossing honors!

Once united almost to extinction, the now-protected musk oxen are being raised much like sheep for the silky wool, called “quiviut” that grows underneath their shaggy coats.  Garments made of quiviut are very warm and tight in weight. – Dick Rogers